Video poker first became commercially viable when it became economical to combine a television-like monitor with a solid state central processing unit. The earliest models appeared around the same time that the first personal computers were produced, in the mid-1970s, although they were primitive by today’s standards.
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Video poker became more firmly established when SIRCOMA, which stood for Sy Redd’s Coin Machines (and eventually evolved into International Gaming Technology), introduced Draw Poker in 1979. During the 1980s, video poker became increasingly popular in casinos , as people found the devices less intimidating than playing tabletop games. Today, video poker occupies a prominent place on the floors of many casinos. The game is especially popular among Las Vegas locals, who want to patronize local casinos near the Las Vegas Strip. These local casinos often offer smaller dominance machines or better odds.
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After inserting money (or a barcoded paper credit card) into the machine, the game starts by placing a bet on one or more credits and pressing the “Deal” button. The player deals 5 cards (like drawing five cards) and has the opportunity to discard one or more of them in exchange for new ones drawn from the same virtual deck. After the draw, the machine pays out if the hand or hands played match one of the winning combinations, which are published in the payout table. Unlike the table version, the player can discard all 5 of their original cards if they so choose.
Pay tables assign payouts to hands based on how rare they are, game variation, and the game operator’s decision. A typical paytable starts with a minimum hand of a pair of jacks, which pays ev money. All other hand combinations in video poker are the same as in table poker, including hands such as two pair, three of a kind, straight (sequence of 5 cards of consecutive value), flush (any 5 cards of the same suit), full house (pair and three of a kind), four of a kind (four cards of the same rank), straight flush (5 consecutive cards of the same suit) and royal flush (T, Jack, King, king and ace of the same suit).
Some machines offer progressive jackpots or other unique bonuses, encouraging players to play more coins and play more often.
Video poker machines in casinos in the United States are regulated by state or Indian gaming agencies. These agencies usually require machines to deal random sequences of cards using a virtual deck of cards. This was based on an ordinance by the Nevada Gaming Commission that was later adopted by other states with gaming authorization. Video poker machines are tested to ensure compliance with this requirement before being offered to the public.
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Joker’s Wild, where the joker serves as a wild card; Anything’s Wild, where the player chooses any card (by rank) to act as a wild card before the hand is dealt; a modification of the pay schedule, where four aces with a four or less kicker pay an increased amount (these games usually have some adjective in the title such as “bonus”, “double” or “triple”); and multi-play poker, where the player starts with a base hand, and each additional hand played draws from a different set of cards with the base hand. (Multiplayer games are offered in Triple Play, Five Play, T Play, Fifty Play, and One Hundred Play.)
In non-wild card games, a player will average four hands about once every 500 hands, while a player may play ts thousand hands before the royal flush, which usually has the highest payout.
Online video poker games are now available in the US in 3 different states: New Jersey, Delaware and Nevada. Players in all three states can enjoy fully regulated online video poker games provided they are physically persistent in the respective state, of legal age to gamble and can verify their identity.
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When modern video poker games first appeared, the highest paying common variant of a particular game was called “full pay.” Variants of games that return a lower payout percentage are called “short pay”. Although the term full pay is still in use, many game variants return more. The payout percentage expresses the long-term expected value of the player’s bet as a percentage if the game plays out perfectly. A payout percentage of 99 percent, for example, indicates that for every $100 wagered, in the long run, a player would expect to lose $1 if they played every hand optimally. Full-pay Jacks or Better, for example, offers a payout percentage of 99.54%. Some payout percentages for full payout games are often close to or over 100 percent.
Casinos typically do not advertise payout percentages, leaving it up to the player to identify which video poker machines offer the best payouts.
The payout schedules for most video poker machines are configured with a payout schedule that pays proportionally more for certain hands (such as a royal flush) on which the maximum number of credits (usually 5 coins) is bet. Therefore, players who do not play with the maximum number of credits simultaneously play with a lower theoretical return.
“Jacks or Better”, sometimes called “Draw Poker”, is the most common variation of video poker. Payouts start at a pair of jacks. Full pay Jacks or Better is also known as 9/6 Jacks or Better because the payout for a full house is 9 times the bet and the payout for a flush is 6 times the bet.
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Bally Technologies All American Video Poker is based on Jacks or Better with increased payouts for flushes, straights and straight flushes, but reduced payouts for full houses and two pairs (8-8-8-3-1 vs. 9-6-4- 3 -2). The full payout version (quads returns 50 bets), once common but now rare, is one of the most profitable versions of video poker on offer, but the playing strategy is very complex and few have mastered it. IGT’s version of the game is called USA Poker.
“Ts or Better” is a variation of 6/5 Jacks or Better. The minimum paying hand is a pair of ts, not a pair of jacks. The strategy is similar between the two games, despite the very different payouts of a full house and a flush.
“Joker’s Wild”, as the name implies, adds a joker to the mix. The joker is completely wild and substitutes to make stronger hands. The inclusion of a wild joker also adds another winning hand to 5-of-a-kind. The name of the game inspired the show of the same name. Once common but now rare, the fully paid version of Joker Two Pair or better (6-7-8) is one of the highest paying versions of video poker offered, but the playing strategy is very complex and few can master it.
“Deuces Wild” is a variation of video poker in which all deuces are wild. (Wild cards replace any other card in the deck to make a better poker hand). In Deuces Wild, the payout for a four makes up approximately ⅓ percent of the payout in the game, and a four occurs on average every five hands. Deuces Wild can be found with pay schedules that offer theoretical returns as high as 100.8 percent, when played with perfect strategy. This paid version is only available in Nevada. It is also available with other payment plans that have a lower theoretical return:
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Variations are available that pay different amounts for quadruple deuces, such as double deuces (2000), free deuces (2500), triple deuces (3000) and king deuces (4000). Once common but now rare, the high paying Loose Deuces (25-17-10) is one of the highest paying versions of video poker on offer.
Sigma Flush Attack is a combination of video poker and a bank slot, in this case what is thrown is a flush.
After 3, 4, or 5 flushes (varies by machine), the machine goes into “flush attack mode” where the next flush pays 100 or 125 credits instead of the usual 30 credits from 9-6 jacks or better. Some of these machines are linked, meaning that players can simply wait for someone else to put the pot into flush attack mode, or alternate with unlinked machines that a player can play after noticing that the previous player hit flushes but didn’t. enough to trigger a flush attack, a practice called “vulture”. A higher payout flush attack represents one of the higher tiers of video poker. These machines, once common, are now relatively rare.
“Bonus Poker” is a video poker game based on Jacks or Better, but Bonus Poker offers a higher payout percentage for four of a kind. Full salary