Slot Machine Video Games – “One-Armed Bandit”, “Slot machines”, “fruit machines”, and “Pokies” redirect here. For the album, see One-Armed Bandit (album). For band, see Slot machine (band). For other uses, see Fruit Machine (disambiguation) and Pokey (disambiguation).
Slot machines (American Glish), fruit machines (English Glish) or poker machines (Australian Glish and New Zealand Glish) are gambling machines that create games of chance for their customers. The slot machine is also known pejoratively as a one-armed bandit because of the large mechanical levers affixed to the side of the early mechanical machine and the ability of the game to empty players’ pockets and wallets as thieves do.
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The standard layout of a slot machine has a screen that shows three or more reels that “spin” when the game is activated. Some modern slot machines still include a lever as a skeuomorphic design feature to trigger play. However, the mechanics of the early machines have been replaced by random number generators, and most of them are now operated using buttons and touch screens.
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Slot machines include one or more currency detectors that validate the form of payment, whether coins, cash, vouchers, or tokens. The machine pays out according to the pattern of symbols displayed when the reels stop “spinning”. Slot machines are the most popular method of gambling in casinos and constitute about 70% of the average US casino revenue.
Digital technology has resulted in variations on the original slot machine concept. As players essentially play video games, manufacturers can offer more interactive elements, such as advanced bonus rounds and more varied video graphics.
A plaque marks the location of Charles Fey’s San Francisco workshop, where he invted a three-reel slot machine. The location is a California Historic Landmark.
Sittman and Pitt of Brooklyn, New York developed a gambling machine in 1891 that was the precursor to the modern slot machine. It contains five drums holding a total of 50 card faces and this is based on poker. The machines proved very popular, and soon many bars in the city had one or more. Players will insert a nickel and pull a lever, which will spin the drum with the cards they are holding, players hope for a good poker hand. There is no direct payment mechanism, so a pair of kings can get a free beer for the player, while a flush of royals can pay for cigars or drinks; The prize is completely dependent on what the establishment will offer. To increase the odds for the house, these two cards are usually removed from the deck, the t of spades and the jack of hearts, doubling the odds against winning a royal flush. Drums can also be rearranged to reduce the chances of players winning.
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Because of the vast number of possible wins in the original poker-based game, it proved practically impossible for a machine to be able to award an automatic payout for all possible winning combinations. Sometime between 1887 and 1895,
With three spinning reels containing a total of five symbols: horseshoes, diamonds, spades, hearts and the Liberty Bell; The bell gave the machine its name. By replacing the t card with five symbols and using three reels instead of five drums, the complexity of a win is considerably reduced, so Fey designed an effective automatic payout mechanism. Three bells in a row yield the largest payoff, t nickel (50¢). Liberty Bell was a huge success and launched a thriving mechanical toy industry. After a few years, the devices were banned in California, but Fey still couldn’t keep up with the demand for them from elsewhere. The Liberty Bell machine was so popular that it was copied by many slot machine manufacturers. The first of these, also called “Liberty Bell”, was produced by the manufacturer Herbert Mills in 1907. By 1908, many “bell” machines had been installed in most cigar shops, saloons, bowling alleys, brothels and barber shops.
The first Liberty Bell machine produced by Mills used the same symbols on the reels as Charles Fey’s original. Soon afterwards, another version was produced with patriotic symbols, such as flags and wreaths, on wheels. Later, a similar machine called Operator’s Bell was produced which included the option to add a rubber-vding attachmt. As the rubber offered is fruit-flavored, placed symbols of fruit on the reels: lemons, cherries, oranges and plums. A bell is retained, and the image of a stick of Bell-Fruit Gum, the origin of the bar symbol, is also prest. This set of symbols proved to be famous and used by other companies that started to make their own slot machines: Caille, Watling, Jnings and Pace.
A common technique used to circumvent gambling laws in some states is food prizes. For this reason, some gumball and other vding machines are considered untrustworthy by the courts. The two cases of Iowa State v. Ellis
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Both are used in criminal law classes to illustrate the concept of reliance on authority as it relates to axiomatic ignorantia juris non excusat (“ignorance of the law without reason”).
In this case, the vding mint machine is declared as a gambling device because the machine will, by chance created internally, occasionally give the next user some tokens exchanged for more candy. Despite the display of the results of further use of the machine, the court ruled that “[t]he machine appeals to the player’s propsity for gambling, and it is [a] representative”.
In 1963, Bally developed the first fully electromechanical slot machine called Honey Money (although previous machines such as Bally’s High Hand draw-poker machine have exhibited the basis of electromechanical construction as early as 1940). His electromechanical work made Money Madu the first slot machine with a basic Hopper and an automatic payout of up to 500 coins without the help of an attdant.
The popularity of this machine led to the increasing predominance of electronic games, and the side lever soon became vestigial.
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The first video slot machine was developed in 1976 in Kearny Mesa, California by the Las Vegas-based Fortune Coin Co. machine function. This prototype is installed in a full-size, event-ready slot-machine cabinet. The first production unit wt on trial at the Las Vegas Hilton Hotel. After several modifications to defeat cheating attempts, the video slot machine was approved by the Nevada State Gaming Commission and evtually found popularity on the Las Vegas Strip and in city casinos. Fortune Coin Co and its video slot-machine technology were bought by IGT (International Gaming Technology) in 1978.
The first American video slot machine to offer a “second scree” bonus round was Reel ‘Em In, developed by WMS Industries in 1996.
This type of machine had appeared in Australia from at least 1994 with the game Three Pockets Full.
With this type of machine, the display changes to provide a different game in which an additional payout can be awarded.
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Depding on the machine, the player can insert cash or, in the “ticket-in, ticket-out” machine, a paper ticket with a barcode, into the designated slot on the machine. This machine is activated by using a lever or button (either physical or on a touch screen), which activates the reels that spin and stop to rearrange the symbols. If the player matches the winning combination of symbols, the player earns credits based on the paytable. Symbols of various depding on the theme of the machine. Classic symbols include objects such as fruits, bells, and stylized lucky sevs. Most slot games have a theme, such as aesthetics, locations, or specific characters. Symbols and other bonus features of the game typically aligned with the theme. Some themes are licensed from popular media franchises, including movies, television series (including game shows like Wheel of Fortune), entertainers, and musicians.
Multi-line slot machines have become increasingly popular since the 1990s. This machine has more than one payline, meaning that visible symbols that are not aligned in the main horizontal can be considered as a winning combination. Traditional three-reel slot machines usually have one, three, or five paylines while video slot machines can have 9, 15, 25, or as many as 1024 different paylines. Most receive a variable number of credits to play, and 1 to 15 credits per line is typical. The higher the bet amount, the higher the payout will be if the player wins.
One of the main differces between video slot machines and reel machines is in the way payouts are calculated. With reel machines, the only way to win the maximum jackpot is to play the maximum number of coins (usually three, sometimes four or even five coins per play). With video machines, the payout value is fixed multiplied by the number of coins per line that is being bet. In other words: in a reel machine, the odds are more favorable if the gambler plays with the maximum amount of coins available.
However, depending on the structure of the game and its bonus features, some video slots can still include features that increase the chances of payouts by making increased wagers.
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